Pancreatitis is a disease of the pancreas that severely impairs the digestive system. However, such a diagnosis is not a verdict. The disease can be treated if diagnosed in time, and diet therapy plays an important role in the treatment of pancreatitis: proper nutrition and regular nutrition.
Attention! This is about a diet of chronic pancreatitis without exacerbation, because acute inflammation of the pancreas or chronic exacerbation means the appointment of 1-3 days of starvation.
The pancreas is an important part of the digestive system and its treatment is ineffective if it does not significantly regulate dietary habits.
What to eat with pancreatitis
The menu of pancreatitis can be very diverse, it can be:
- mashed potatoes;
- vegetable soups;
- low-fat meat dishes;
- vegetable oils;
- low-fat dairy products;
- milk oats;
- buckwheat in milk;
- pumpkin porridge;
- chicken egg whites;
- fresh fruits and berries;
- dried fruits;
- not sour apples that contain a lot of iron;
- White bread.
Food should be fresh and eating habits should be consistent.
What not to eat with pancreatitis
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of proper nutrition in diseases of the digestive system. The following rules should be followed when choosing food. There should be no food:
- heavy (containing pork or beef fat);
- keen on;
- smoked or fried.
To warn. It is also a good idea to eliminate canned foods from your diet.
Diet for pancreatitis should include a balance:
- fat - not more than 80 g per day;
- Carbohydrate - no more than 380 g per day.
Diet for pancreatitis is prescribed by a doctor after diagnosis. Such changes in the patient's life do not mean that you can not eat tasty, you just have to give up some dishes and foods.
You have to forget about fast food. Even for a healthy person, these products are very unpleasant.
Diet №5p for pancreatitis
This diet includes not only a list of foods developed in the days of nutritionists and acceptable, but also recipes for foods that best promote rapid recovery. Based on it, a diet of №5p was developed for pancreatitis and cholecystitis. These diseases often go hand in hand.
An important! Protein intake should not exceed 560 g per week, fats 420 g and carbohydrates 1400 g. Total fluid intake (including freshman fluid) should not exceed 14 liters.
The uniqueness of this diet is that the dishes are prepared mainly from pureed foods.
The diet may include:
- soup with mashed vegetables;
- steamed meat or fish cutlets;
- boiled lean meat;
- boiled fish;
- white, slightly stale bread;
- mashed vegetables (cooked, boiled or broiled);
- liquid porridge from various cereals, except cereals and pearl barley;
- chicken egg omelet;
- boiled eggs;
- cottage cheese pots;
- boiled pasta.
Puree, low-fat food relaxes the pancreas, because it is much easier to digest and digest.
Diet with exacerbation of pancreatitis
In the case of an acute course of the disease, treatment establishes complete exacerbation within the first 1-3 days of complete refusal of food. In this case, the products are delivered intravenously. You can drink still water and rose hips infusion, but not more than 1 liter per day. When remission begins, the menu is added as described above.
An important. How long should I keep a diet for pancreatitis? In the acute form of the disease, the diet should be maintained for 2 to 6 months, including the duration of treatment. In chronic pancreatitis, the diet should be maintained for life.
Nutrition for pancreatitis: a weekly menu
Diet is very important for effective treatment. Patients with gastroenterological diseases are usually given five meals a day. The menu for pancreatitis can be as follows.
- beet salad, dried fruit or fresh fruit compote;
- milk and cottage cheese, rosehip tincture;
- boiled chicken egg omelet;
- tea with cookies or oatmeal cookies;
- oatmeal with or without milk, jelly;
- pumpkin porridge;
- buckwheat porridge with steamed cutlet.
Breakfast is a very important meal - it can either make or break your day. Therefore, nutritionists recommend starting the day with carbohydrate-rich oatmeal.
Second breakfast (options):
- rice cooked with raisins;
- carrot salad (without vinegar);
- baked apples, with dried apricots;
- carrot and pumpkin puree;
- boiled beets;
- chicken egg white.
Lunch (options for freshmen and sophomores):
- lean (vegetable) soup or borsch;
- chicken soup;
- fish and rice;
- steamed beef cutlets or boiled lean meat;
- casserole with cottage cheese;
- steamed chicken cutlets;
- seafood pasta with lean meat.
Pancreatic pancreatitis diet eliminates hot or cold foods. You only need to cook warm.
- fruit jelly;
- rolls with vegetables;
- fruit puddings;
- baked potatoes;
- sandwich with hard cheese and light butter;
- beans or pea puree.
- apple puree or yogurt;
- rice with raisins;
- yogurt and vinaigrette;
- soup puree or cauliflower cooked in water, yogurt;
- omelet, fermented boiled milk.
An important! The interval between meals should not exceed 3 hours. Systemic nutrition accounts for 80% of the success of effective treatment of gastroenterological diseases.
Recipes for pancreatitis
The following are recipes for simple foods that are allowed for pancreatitis.
Oatmeal is easy to prepare and not difficult to digest.
100 grams of oats in two glasses of milk or water. The liquid is poured into a bowl and after boiling add the oats. Cook over low heat for 5-10 minutes. Then remove from heat and infuse for 20-25 minutes.
Prepared like an ordinary omelet. Take 2–3 chicken eggs, beat, add 30–50 ml of milk, pour the mixture into a hot pan and cover for 5–7 minutes. Then, turn the omelette, take the pan out of the oven and prepare under the lid. After 7-10 minutes the omelet is ready.
He takes the root of the beet, washes it well and puts it in a pot. The root crop is watered so that it covers it with 2 fingers. Beets boil for about an hour.
Tip! Readiness can be checked by piercing with a knife or fork; If the knife enters easily, the beets are ready.
Ready-made vegetables need to be cooled (it is better to boil beets in the evening), for this you can put them in cold water for 20-25 minutes. Then clean it and wipe with a coarse grater. You can pour a little sour cream or cream on top.
Beet salad goes well with buckwheat porridge.
liquid buckwheat porridge with steamed cutlet
2, 5 glasses of water for 100 g of buckwheat. Shake the cereal several times and fill it with water. Put on the fire and cook for 15-20 minutes.
Take 200 g of minced meat without onions and cutlets (4–5 pieces). You can roll them in manna and then they will fit in a double pot. Prepare for 30-40 minutes. You can add water if needed, but then it will take longer to cook the cutlets.
Tip! If you don't have a steamer, you can bake pies in a pot. To do this, pour water into the pan - 300–400 g, and the cutlets themselves are placed in a pan filled with boiling water and covered with a lid. Cutlets should not be exposed to water.
cottage cheese pot
To prepare it you will need:
- cottage cheese 250 g;
- 2-3 chicken eggs;
- 1 tbsp. a spoonful of sugar;
- 2, 5 tbsp. spoons of manna.
The cottage cheese is thoroughly mixed with eggs, then sugar is added. After mixing these ingredients, pour in the manna and mix until smooth. The resulting mixture should infuse for 15-20 minutes. The oven is heated to 180 degrees. It takes half an hour to cook the casserole.
Pancreatitis does not prevent a patient from eating tasty food.
An important! Cheese, like oats, is a slow carbohydrate-rich food, so it is not recommended for dinner to prevent the development of obesity.
For 250 g of beans need a chicken egg, 30 g butter and soy sauce to taste.
Secret! It is better to soak the beans in the evening. Soaked beans cook faster and prevent flatulence.
The beans need to be rinsed several times to remove any unfit food. Filled with drinking water, it should be soaked for 10-12 hours, and it is recommended to change the water every 2 hours. For 250 g of beans need 750 ml of water. Once the beans are swollen, they are washed under running water and transferred to a pot or pan filled with drinking water in a ratio of 1: 3. After boiling water, reduce the heat and cook for 1, 5-2 hours, depending on the type of beans. The liquid is spilled.
You can grind beans in a blender or meat grinder. Then add the eggs and butter to the puree. All this is whipped until smooth. Soy sauce works best instead of salt. Can be served as a side dish or vegetable salad.
Even with chronic pancreatitis, sometimes you can give your favorite food, the main thing - to do everything right.
To warn. This information will be useful for salt lovers. For 10 days, avoid salty foods and replace them with soy sauce or other foods that contain salt or have a salty taste, so that the person no longer tends to eat too much salty food, because the receptors are fully aware of the taste.
Pancreatitis, whether acute or chronic, does not mean that the patient is ordered to eat only low-fat broth. Even with chronic pancreatitis, a patient can pay to enjoy kebabs and sturgeon fish, but keep in mind that this can be done only during periods of permanent remission, not every day. In adults, a diet against pancreatitis can be not only useful, but also tasty.