Diet for gout is probably one of the main measures aimed at the rapid elimination of the disease and the normalization of metabolism in the body.
Gout is a systemic disease that affects the metabolism of uric acid. Gout is often recurrent in the background, which can be exacerbated. Sodium urate salts accumulate in ligaments, joints, cartilage and others. Gout is more common in people who do not control their diet and who eat a lot of meat, spicy foods and alcohol. The sedentary rhythm of life, emotional shock, and chronic stress can exacerbate the predisposition to disease. The hereditary factor of the disease also occurs, especially if the above-mentioned lifestyle is adopted in the family. Gout is severe and usually starts at night. First, the pain is localized in the big toe, heel, elbow and knee. The pain may last for a day, after which it may subside, leaving the joint stiff and frictiony. Attacks may recur, spread to other joints, and swelling and redness of the affected joint are observed. To alleviate the condition, the diet is based on reducing the amount of prescribed protein to 0, 8-1 grams. At body weight, it stops producing uric acid.
Diet against gout in the legs
Gout is a fairly common pathology of the joints, the cause of gout is a violation of normal metabolism in the body, in particular, when sodium uric acid (residues of its salt) accumulates in the sacs and ligaments of the joints.
The diet for gout on the feet requires the patient to adhere to a certain limit of permissible foods, eat only the norm and do not starve, when fasting, more uric acid is produced, which provokes painful peaks. Overeating increases the load on the urinary system, which leads to excessive accumulation of uric acid. Patients with gout should not eat meat, fish, meat and fish broth, animal fats, all smoked foods, dairy products, caviar. You also have to refrain from eating beans and spices. In addition, the gout diet on the feet means to completely give up alcohol - beer, wine and other things. Indications: chocolate, strong tea, coffee, cocoa, cakes with cream, raspberries, figs, grapes, bitter and salty cheeses.
Diet against gout
An anti-gout diet stabilizes the percentage of urea in the body, as well as the metabolism by removing from the daily diet many foods that contain urine. At the same time, the use of milk, eggs, fruits, vegetables, cheese is allowed, the percentage of purines in them is found to be very low, in addition, they have a high energy value and completely satisfy hunger.
In gout, uric acid often accumulates in the joint sacs of the hands, causing inflammation and severe pain. At the peak of the disease, the patient is disturbed by limited mobility and pain. The first thing that can help in this case is a strict diet with the elimination of certain foods.
Almost all types of meat, soups, sauces, asparagus, smoked meats, packaged soups, fish caviar, fish, canned food, rich tea, coffee, cocoa, legumes, products with extended shelf life, not recommended for use. cake with herbs, sour cream, chocolate, alcohol, figs, grapes, raspberries.
Limit daily consumption of cooked poultry and fish, tomatoes (not more than 3 per day), cabbage, kombucha, bell pepper, celery, rhubarb and asparagus. You should also limit the amount of green onions and parsley, butter and milk.
The menu for each day may include: squid, scorpions, chicken eggs, vegetarian soups, low-fat cheese, cheese, sour cream, various cereals, bread, pasta, nuts, seeds, cabbage, various vegetables, honey, marmalade, marshmallows, apples, citrus fruits, melons, avocados. Kvass, juices, compotes, various vegetable oils.
With strict adherence to a diet and proper medication, painful spasms during manual movement are reduced, and routine movements do not cause excruciating pain.
Diet for gout 6
Diet 6 for gout is also indicated for the treatment of diseases of the urinary system, diathesis with high levels of uric acid, oxaluria, cystinuria. Nutrition is aimed at normalizing the production of uric acid, restoring the normal environment of urine (from acid to alkali).
The advantages of a dietary diet are the reduction of foods rich in purines, oxalic acid and the predominance of foods that can be normalized in the daily menu. The products do not require special preparation, the cooking process is very simple, but meat and fish products need to be boiled to remove some of the purines from the soup products. In addition, you can prepare various main dishes on the basis of the obtained boiled products, but you can eat 150 grams of meat no more than 2-3 times a week, you can eat a lot of fish, but not much in portions. More than 170 grams.
You need to eat 4-6 servings a day, be sure to drink enough fluids. Once every seven to ten days you can unload on the organizing days, eat cheese or fruit, and be amazed. On such days, the patient should drink at least 2. 5 liters of fluid. Starvation is not allowed, as it can aggravate the disease.
Diet menu 6 for gout must meet the following standards: daily protein ratio 80-90 g, daily fat ratio 80-90 g, daily carbohydrate ratio 400 g; number of calories per day 2600-2900 kcal; retinol 0. 5 mg, thiamine 1. 5 mg, ascorbic acid 150 mg; sodium 4 g, potassium 3, 5 g, calcium 0, 75 g g. b.
You can eat low-fat fish, dairy products, cereals, eggs, vegetables, fruits, alkaline mineral water, weak tea.
Diet for gout 8
The diet for gout is prescribed if the patient has some degree of obesity. Obesity, as a result of overeating, puts an additional burden on all systems of the body and exacerbates various current diseases. The essence is to eliminate excess fat from the diet. The caloric content of the diet is supported by a higher percentage of protein and a decrease in the percentage of fats and the virtual release of carbohydrates (120-130 g of protein, 80 g of fat, 120 g of carbohydrates, calories - up to). 2000).
№8 table menu allows you to use: a little rye, wheat bread with bran, vegetable soups, a little lean beef 2-3 times a week, chicken dishes, fish - hake, cod. Fish and meat are served cooked, boiled and baked. Cereals and pasta are limited. Dairy products - kefir, low-fat cottage cheese. Eggs should not exceed 1-2 per day. Fruits can be used fresh and as a compote or juice. Tea, weak coffee, fruit and vegetable juices are shown. Completely excluded from the menu: confectionery, pasta, various sweets, rice cereals and semolina, sweet fruits, grapes, any fatty or spicy foods are also contraindicated.
Diet menu for gout
The diet menu for gout does not include foods rich in purines. Only by restricting the production of uric acid can the pain syndrome be alleviated. The diet should be strictly observed, fractional feeding - 4 times a day, starvation is not allowed at all - it stimulates the production of uric acid. It is important to note that dietary nutrition is important, as is medicine. There are many variations of the diet, but many patients create their own approximate menu based on differences in a particular organism and based on the foods that are allowed to be used. Anti-gout diet №6 is the most effective complex for anti-gout diet therapy, but it is advisable to check with your doctor some nutritional nuances to avoid possible complications. So let’s look at the approximate diet for a day with gout:
- 1 breakfast: vegetable salad, fruit pie with cereals, boiled eggs.
- 2nd breakfast: rosehip broth, fruit broth can be used.
- Lunch: noodles in milk, jelly.
- Lunch: fresh fruit.
- Dinner: cheese, cabbage with vegetables, weak tea.
The above menu is approximate, you can cook vegetable fries or other hot dishes as a meal for dinner. The nature of the dishes can be different, but one rule should be the same - a larger percentage of food should be served in liquid form.
Diet for a week with gout
A week-long diet with gout can be very varied and tasty, the main thing is not to overdo it and prepare meals only from permitted foods. No special cooking skills are required, it is easy to prepare special dishes for people with gout and they are similar in many respects to vegetarian dishes.
For gout, a strict diet is prescribed for a week during the acute phase of the disease, in addition, the patient is prescribed a strict bed rest, treatment with medication prescribed by a doctor. Food should be mostly liquid, starvation is not allowed, and it is important to drink two liters of fluid per day. Example of a two-day diet with gout:
- Before meals: a glass of rose dog broth.
- 1 breakfast: tea with milk, cabbage salad.
- 2 breakfasts: vegetable juice.
- Lunch: borscht with vegetable broth, a piece of meat boiled in white sauce (not more than 100 g)
- Lunch: a glass of rose hip broth.
- Dinner: buckwheat with milk, cabbage rolls with vegetables.
- Before bedtime: fruit juice.
- Before meals: a glass of rose dog broth.
- 1 breakfast: tea with milk, beet salad with butter or sour cream.
- 2 breakfasts: vegetable juice.
- Lunch: vegetable soup with pearl barley, cabbage schnitzel.
- Lunch: fruit juice.
- Dinner: carrot cutlets, jelly.
- Before going to bed: watermelon or a glass of boiled milk.
Remember that the list of foods can be combined, and can be achieved and prescribed for a long time only if the effect of diet therapy is fully preserved.
Recipes for gout
Recipes for gout are not complicated and do not require special preparation or specific products.
- Puts cucumbers and lettuce. Finely chopped vegetables, salt, you can season with sour cream or non-fat sour cream.
- vinaigrette. Cut baked potatoes, carrots and beets into cubes and add chopped cucumbers, apples and lettuce. Mix all the ingredients, add a little salt and sunflower oil.
- Carrot salad with green beans. Chop the carrots with a grater, add the greens and canned beans and add the low-fat sour cream.
- Potato soup. First, boil the potatoes until cooked, then rubbed through a sieve and diluted with broth until desired. Then, add the white sauce, butter and eggs. Everything boils for a few minutes and then served with herbs and sour cream.
- Vermicelli soup made from milk. First, boil the vermicelli in water for about 5 minutes, then add the boiled milk and boil the vermicelli until the soup is ready. When cooking is complete, add the butter and sugar.
Garnishes, desserts and sauces:
- Oatmeal with milk. Boil the milk, add oatmeal, salt and sugar to taste and cook until tender. When cooking is complete, add a little butter.
- Omelet. Grind the flour in a little milk, then add the beaten eggs and the rest of the milk, beat everything again and put in a pan in a medium oven.
- Cheesecakes. The cheese can be mixed with manna and eggs to a thick consistency, then make cheesecakes and wrap in flour. Fry in oil and warm with tea.
- White sauce. In a pan, dry the flour until creamy, stirring constantly, and mix with the butter. Add hot broth to the mixture and cook for 10 minutes.
Diet for exacerbation of gout
Diet is prescribed in the first manifestation of the disease to exacerbate gout. The disease usually begins at night, with an attack of acute arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Symptoms:
- The rapid development of clinical symptoms reaches a maximum after 2-6 hours.
- Severe pain in the sac of the affected joint.
- Swelling and redness of the affected joint.
- After 5-14 days, all manifestations of the disease disappear with the restoration of motor activity.
The main principle of treatment during exacerbation is to prevent the progression of the disease, forming a proper lifestyle for the patient.
- Restrict consumption of meat, meat broth, poultry, fish, domestic products, seafood, beans). The diet should be rich in carbohydrates and milk proteins. Consume up to 2-3 liters of fluid per day.
- Abstinence from alcohol.
- If diuretics are prescribed, change the treatment regimen.
To exacerbate gout, the diet is prescribed for 10-14 days. The menu focuses on liquid foods - sour milk products, jellies, compotes, juices, weak tea, vegetable soups. Drinking alkaline mineral water is beneficial.
During the aggravation of digestive disorders are observed, so it is important to follow a thrifty diet. When the disease subsides, you can eat a small amount of meat and fish (no more than 1-2 times a week and 100-150 g). You can eat dairy products, vegetables, eggs, grains and fruits.
Antipurine diet is a menu of foods with almost minimal uric acid content. Prescribe it to patients with gout, as well as those with nephrolithiasis, hyperuricemia, hyperuricosuria.
Usage: honey, coffee, chocolate, grapes and their products, soups (except vegetables), smoked meat, domestic products, legumes, cakes, sour cream pies, whole milk, koumiss, turnips, radishes, fish, pork, cauliflower, Alcohol is completely banned.
Food restriction: all boiled-smoked, coffee, tomatoes, herbs, plums, lard, butter.
You can eat: potatoes, various cereals, chicken, rabbit, carrots, beets, fresh cucumbers, pumpkin, low-fat sour cream and cheese, low-fat kefir, watermelon, lemon, white cabbage, onions, garlic, white bread, chicken eggs, green tea, dill, low-fat sausage, boiled sausage.
An antipurine diet is prescribed for 10-14 days until the patient's condition improves. Further, depending on the state of health, little by little more foods are included in the diet, but in accordance with the basic provisions of the diet. Dietary changes can provoke another exacerbation, and in this case it is necessary to start treatment again.
Diet for gout and arthritis
Diet for gout and arthritis, or as they say, "aristocratic diseases" leads to one thing - to limit foods rich in uric acid. The disease is unpleasant, mainly due to severe pain in the joints, but can be easily treated, primarily due to diet.
Even with the most expensive foreign drugs, there is no cure without diet. With proper nutrition, improvement occurs after a week or two, and under certain conditions of treatment, after a year, all restrictions and prohibitions on the use of products can be completely lifted.
First of all, it is necessary to give up meat, meat and fish, soups, sardines, herring, mackerel, alcohol.
Reduce consumption of beef, sausage, fish, beans, radishes, cauliflower, spinach, cocoa, coffee.
Don’t limit yourself to grains, pasta, dairy products, cheese, eggs, jelly, butter. You can have vegetable soup with vegetable broth, meat and fish, but only boiled and not more than 1-2 times a week.
In the absence of pathology of the cardiovascular system and urinary system, fluid intake can be increased to 2-2, 5 liters per day. Dog decoction, fruit juices, linden tea are useful. Alkaline water can be used from mineral waters.
Diet for gout and obesity
The diet for gout and obesity is based on reducing the number of calories in the diet at the expense of easily and quickly digestible carbohydrates and fats, while increasing the proportion of protein in the daily portion. As a result, body weight is reduced, fat metabolism and water-electrolyte balance are restored.
In the daily norm of diet No. 8: proteins - 100-110 g, fats - 80-90 g (including 50% vegetable), carbohydrates - 120-150 g, kilocalories - 1600-1800. Only in the hospital with severe obesity is prescribed a diet with an energy value of 1200 kcal.
Eat small amounts, 5-6 times a day. You can calculate the weight of a portion with the help of a kitchen scale, and the size of the portion is achieved through vegetables, which gives a feeling of satiety, does not create a stressful situation for the body and you can follow the diet for a long time. of time. It is better to cook, boil and bake dishes, and it is better to reduce the use of fried and chopped foods.
Diet No. 8 should be regulated in the amount of 1, 2-1, 5 liters of fluid. For example - no more than half a cup of soup, no more than 5-6 glasses of liquid per day, salt - about 5 g, add spices and alcohol. Can be used in seafood (if there are no contraindications).
If you follow a diet, and later include exercise in your daily routine, you can speed up the healing process and restore metabolism by ensuring a positive result.
Of course, you can stop an acute gout attack with the advice of a nutritionist, but it can be completely cured only in combination with drug therapy. Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a specialist in the clinic, to prevent the development of severe systemic changes. It is absolutely contraindicated for self-medication and ignore the recipe for gout diet.